Nearly 5mn in India displaced due to Climate Change, Disasters in 2021: UNHCR

Nearly 5 mn in India displaced due to climate change, disasters in 2021

According to the annual Global Trends Report by the United Nations Refugee Agency, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) published in June 2022, nearly 5 million people in India were internally displaced due to climate change and disasters in 2021.

  • On the global front, over 100 million people were forced to displace in 2021 due to violence, human rights abuses, food insecurity, the climate crisis, war in Ukraine and other emergencies from Africa to Afghanistan.
  • The United States of America (USA) was the world’s largest recipient of new individual applications (188,900), followed by Germany (148,200), Mexico (132,700), Costa Rica (108,500) and France (90,200).

The report reflects the period of January 2021 to December 2021.
Key Points:
i.According to the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), in 2021, there were 23.7 million new internal displacements globally due to disasters. This represented a decrease of seven million, or 23%, compared to the previous year.
ii.The largest displacements due to disasters in 2021 occurred in China (6.0 million), the Philippines (5.7 million) and India (4.9 million).
iii.By the end of 2021, those displaced by war, violence, persecution, and human rights abuses stood at 89.3 million, up 8% on a year earlier.

  • It includes 27.1 million refugees, 21.3 million refugees under UNHCR’s mandate, 5.8 million Palestine refugees under United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East’s (UNRWA) mandate, 53.2 million internally displaced people, 4.6 million asylum seekers and 4.4 million Venezuelans displaced abroad.

About UNHCR’s Global Trends report:
It presents key statistical trends and the latest numbers of refugees, asylum seekers, internally displaced and stateless persons worldwide as well as numbers of people who have returned to their countries or areas of origin.