Crop

सब्जियों की खेती

आलू, फूलगोभी एवं पत्तागोभी आलू फूलगोभी एवं पत्ता गोभी उन्नत प्रभेद अगात (80-90 दिन): कुफरी पुखराज, कुफरी अशोका मध्यम (100-110 दिन): कुफरी कंचन, कुफरी आनंद पिछात (120 दिन या अधिक): कुफरी पिप्सोना-1, कुफरी पिप्सोना-2 ग्रीष्मकालीन: अर्ली कुआरी, हाजीपुर एक्स्ट्रा अर्ली। अगात: पटना अर्ली, कुआरी, पूसा कतकी, हाजीपुर एक्स्ट्रा अर्ली, पूसा दीपाली, अर्ली सिंथेटिक। मध्यकालीन: पूसा …

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Spices

India has been known for its spices since ancient times. Cardamom (Queen of Aromatic Spices) – Assam, Kerala, Tamil Nadu Pepper (King of Spices) – Kerala Chillies – Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan Turmeric – Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu Nutmeg – Kerala Arecanut – Kerala, Karnataka, Tripura, Assam Coconut – Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh Cinnamon – Kerala Clove – Kerala Ginger – …

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COFFEE

Coffees are grown in shade and commonly with two tiers of shade. Growing altitudes of coffee range between 1,000 to 1,500 m above sea level for Arabica (premier coffee), and 500 to 1,000 m for Robusta (lower quality). Both varieties are planted in well-drained soil conditions that favour rich organic matter. Coffee plantation is done …

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TEA

Tea is an evergreen plant that mainly grows in tropical and subtropical climates. Tea is a labour intensive crop and 50% of the labourers are women. It grows faster under light shade. Commercial cultivation of tea started in India from British era. India is the 2nd largest producer and the largest consumer of tea in the …

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JUTE

Jute is a tropical plant that requires hot and humid climate. It is one of the most important natural fibres in terms of cultivation and usage. Almost 85% of the world’s jute is cultivated in the Ganges Delta. Type of Crop: Zaid Varieties: White Jute, Tossa Jute Temperature: 24-35 °C. Annual Rainfall: 125-200 cm. Soil Type: Sandy and Clay Loam …

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Cotton

Cotton is a tropical and subtropical Kharif crop. It is a fibre crop and is known as ‘White gold’. India ranks 3rd in the production of cotton worldwide. It is a dry crop but roots need timely supply of water at maturity. Type of Crop: Kharif Varieties: Long Staple, Medium Staple, Short Staple Temperature: 21-30 °C Rainfall: 50-100 cm Soil …

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wheat

It is the 2nd most important food crop in India. It is a Rabi crop. India stands second in production of wheat worldwide. It is more flexible in terms of climactic and other conditions of growth. Type of Crop: Rabi Varieties: Kalyan Sona, Sonalika, Heera Temperature: 17-20 °C Rainfall: 20-100 cm (ideal ~75 cm) Soil Type: Clay loam, Sandy loam Major …

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RICE

Rice is a tropical crop that can be grown almost throughout the year. It depends on atmospheric moisture and rainfall for irrigation. India is the 2nd largest producer of rice in the world. India has largest area in world under rice cultivation. Productivity is low compared to wheat because Green Revolution primarily boosted wheat production in …

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Crops in India,Seasons

Agriculture plays a vital role in the Indian economy. Agriculture is the backbone of our country. It includes farming of crops, animal husbandry, pisciculture, agro-forestry etc. Over 58% of rural households primarily depend on agriculture. Agriculture along with fisheries, forestry and other allied sectors contribute around 14% to the overall GDP of our country. The …

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🌽Maize – Origin, Breeding methods and Objectives

🌽🌽🌽🌽🌽🌽🌽🌽🌽🌽🌽🌽🌽🌽 Place of origin : Mexico. Origin of cultivated maize: The genus Zea was previously considered as monotypic. Later on teosinte has been included Euchlaena mexicana has been changed as Zea mexicana Another wild relative is Tripsacum (gamma grass). All the three are inter crossable. Three views about origin: 1. From Teosinte it arose. Teosinte …

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