Agriculture Research Services (कृषि अनुसंधान सेवा) abbreviated as ARS is the research services of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), organization under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India.

The Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board (ASRB) conducts all India competitive examination for ARS examination, to recruit entry level posts in the Agricultural Research Services of ICAR. The ASRB in pursuation of the Gajendragadkar Report on ICAR, 1972 was established on 1 November 1973.

The basic purpose of the service is to set a cutting edge model of education, perform research for its application in agriculture, agro forestry, animal husbandry, fisheries, home science and allied sciences. The agricultural research services has been playing a major role in make the country self-reliant as far as production of food grains, horticultural crops, milk, meat, fish and eggs are concerned and the role of the services goes further scathing and challenging owing to widening demand of the country growth.

Agriculture Research Service Examination
The ARS examination conducted by the ASRB consists of three stages viz., Prelims, Mains and Interview. The prelims stage is the qualifying examination and all those candidates who desire to appear for the ARS examination have to appear for both prelims and mains examination. The ARS examination is the initial port of entry into the services of ICAR and the new entrants are imparted foundation training called as FOCARS (Foundation Course for Agricultural Research Services) at the National Academy of Agricultural Research Management (NAARM).

The recruits through the ARS Examination are designated as ′ARS′ or ‘Scientist’. The post of entry level ARS or Scientist is same with Jr. Class I cadre of Central government. The initial pay is fixed after granting advance increments for higher qualification, with PhD’s getting highest salary. Initially, they are kept on ‘tenure track’ or ‘probation’ for 2 years and upon satisfactory completion of this period they are given ‘tenure’and confirmed in the ARS. On completing service for designated years and meeting a set performance criteria, they are progressively promoted to the next higher grades in a Flexible Complementation system known as Career Advancement Scheme (CAS). The incumbents without a PhD degree are given paid study leave to acquire PhD qualification, which is necessary for career progression. Through CAS, Scientists can rise up to Principal Scientist grade, which is equivalent to the scale of Joint Secretary to the Government of India. The ARS encourages fresh infusion of talent at all senior levels through lateral entry in which incumbent scientists can also participate in the open competition and move their career ahead in much shorter time than CAS. All the Research Management Positions are filled through open competition only. The Director General of ICAR is the highest-ranked member of the ARS, who is ex official Secretary to the Government of India, Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), Ministry of Agriculture.


Code No.DisciplineEligibility Qualifications Syllabus
Master’s degree in Agriculture/ Biotechnology/ Molecular Biology & Bio-Technology/ Genetic Engineering/ Botany/ Plant Sciences/ Life Sciences/Plant Physiology with specialization in Plant Biotechnology.
Master’s degree in Agriculture/ Entomology/ Zoology/ Sericulture/ Apiculture/ Plant Protection with specialization in Agricultural Entomology.
Master’s degree in Agricultural Microbiology/Microbiology/Plant Physiology.
04Economic Botany
& Plant
Genetic Resources
Master’s degree in Agriculture/ Botany/ Horticulture/Plant Physiology with specialization in Agricultural Botany/ Economic Botany/ Plant Genetic Resources.
05Genetics &
Plant Breeding
Master’s degree in Agriculture/ Agricultural Botany/ Plant Breeding or Genetics or Genetics and Plant Breeding/Plant Physiology/Plant Genetic Resources.
06NematologyMaster’s degree in Agriculture /Nematology/ Entomology/ Plant Pathology/ Zoology/ Plant Protection with specialization in Nematology.
07Plant BiochemistryMaster’s degree in Plant Biochemistry/ Agricultural Biochemistry/ Biochemistry with specialization in plants.
08Plant PathologyMaster’s degree in Agriculture/ Botany/ Life Sciences/ Plant Protection with specialization in Plant Pathology/ Mycology.
09Plant PhysiologyMaster’s degree in Agriculture/ Plant Physiology/ Botany with specialization in Plant Physiology.
10Seed Science
& Technology
Master’s degree in Agriculture/ Seed Science/ Seed Technology or Seed Science and Technology/Plant Physiology.
11Floriculture &
Master’s degree in Floriculture/ Agriculture or Horticulture /Plant Genetic Resources with specialization in Floriculture and Landscaping/ Post Harvest Technology (Horticulture).
12Fruit ScienceMaster’s degree in Pomology/ Agriculture or Horticulture/Plant Genetic Resources with specialization in Fruit Sciences/ Post Harvest Technology (Horticulture).
13Spices, Plantation &
Medicinal & Aromatic
Master’s degree in Agriculture/ Horticulture/ Botany/Plant Genetic Resources with specialization in Spices/ Plantation Crops and/ or in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants/ Post Harvest Technology (Horticulture).
Master’s degree in Olericulture/ Vegetable Sciences/ Agriculture or Horticulture/Plant Genetic Resources with specialization in Vegetable Sciences/ Post Harvest Technology (Horticulture).
15Animal BiochemistryMaster’s degree in Veterinary/ Animal Sciences/ Dairy/ Fisheries Science with specialization in Biochemistry.
16Animal BiotechnologyMaster’s degree in Veterinary/ Animal/ Fisheries Science with specialization in Biotechnology.
17Animal       Genetics
& Breeding
Master’s degree in Veterinary/Animal Sciences with specialization in Animal Genetics and Breeding.
18Animal NutritionMaster’s degree in Veterinary/ Animal Sciences with specialization in Animal Nutrition.
19Animal PhysiologyMaster’s degree in Veterinary/ Animal Sciences with specialization in Animal Physiology.
20Animal Reproduction
& Gynaecology
Master’s degree in Veterinary/ Animal Sciences with specialization in Animal Reproduction and Gynaecology.
21Dairy ChemistryMaster’s degree in Dairy Chemistry/ Veterinary/ Animal Sciences with specialization in Dairy Chemistry.
22Dairy MicrobiologyMaster’s degree in Dairy Microbiology/ Veterinary/ Animal Sciences with specialization in Dairy Microbiology.
23Dairy TechnologyMaster’s degree in Dairy Technology or Dairy Science/ Animal Products Technology/Food Technology with specialization in Dairy Technology.
24Livestock Product
Master’s degree in Veterinary/Animal Scienceswith specialization in Livestock Products Technology.
25Livestock Production
Master’s degree in Veterinary/ Animal Sciences with specialization in Livestock Production Management/ Animal Husbandry.
26Poultry ScienceMaster’s degree in Poultry Sciences/ Veterinary/ Animal Sciences with specialization in Poultry Sciences.
27Veterinary MedicineMaster’s degree in Veterinary Medicine/ Veterinary Preventive Medicine/ Veterinary Clinical Medicine.
28Veterinary MicrobiologyMaster’s degree in Veterinary Sciences with specialization in Microbiology/ Bacteriology/ Virology/ Mycology/ Immunology.
29Veterinary ParasitologyMaster’s degree in Veterinary Parasitology.
30Veterinary PathologyMaster’s degree in Veterinary Pathology.
31Veterinary PharmacologyMaster’s degree in Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology/Veterinary Pharmacology.
32Veterinary Public
Master’s degree in Veterinary Public Health/ Epidemiology.
33Veterinary SurgeryMaster’s degree in Veterinary Surgery/Veterinary Anatomy.
34AquacultureMaster’s degree in Aquaculture/ Fishery Sciences/ Marine Biology/ Aquatic Biology with specialization in Mariculture/ Aquatic Environmental Management/ Aquatic Ecology/ Inland Aquaculture.
35Fisheries Resource
Master’s degree in Fishery Sciences/Fisheries Resource Management/ Marine Biology/Aquatic Environmental Management/ Aquatic Biology/Industrial Fisheries with specialization in Fisheries Resource Management/ Fish Population Dynamics/ Fishery Hydrography/ Ecosystem Management/ Aquatic Ecology.
36Fish Processing
Master’s degree in Fishery Sciences/ Fish Processing Technology/Post Harvest Technology/ Industrial Fisheries with specialization in Fish Harvest and Processing.
37Fish NutritionMaster’s degree in Fishery Sciences with specialization in Fish Nutrition and Fish Physiology/ Feed Technology/ Fish Nutrition and Biochemistry.
38Fish HealthMaster’s degree in Fishery Science/ Marine Biology with specialization in Fish Health/ Fish Pathology and Microbiology.
39Fish Genetics
& Breeding
Master’s degree in Fishery Science/ Marine Biology with specialization in Fish Genetics and Breeding/ Fish Biotechnology.
40Agricultural ChemicalsMaster’s degree in Agriculture/ Agricultural Chemicals/ Organic Chemistry with specialization in Agricultural Chemicals.
41Agricultural MeteorologyMaster’s degree in Agricultural Meteorology/ Agricultural Physics with specialization in Agricultural Meteorology.
42AgroforestryMaster’s degree in Forestry/ Agroforestry/ Botany/ Agronomy/Horticulture with specialization in Agroforestry.
43AgronomyMaster’s degree in Agriculture with specialization in Agronomy/Soil Water Management/ Conservation Agriculture/ Farming Systems Management/ Forage Production/ Water Science and Technology.
44Environmental ScienceMaster’s degree in Environmental Science/Agro- forestry/ Agriculture Physics/ Agriculture with specialization in Environmental Science.
45Soil SciencesMaster’s degree in Agriculture/ Soil Sciences/ Agricultural Chemistry/ Agricultural Physics with specialization in Soil Physics and Soil and Water Conservation/ Soil Fertility/Soil Microbiology/ Soil Chemistry/ Water Science and Technology.
46Agricultural          Business
Master’s degree in Agricultural Business Management/ Agricultural Marketing/ Business Management with specialization in Agricultural Business/ Fisheries Business Management.
47Agricultural EconomicsMaster’s degree in Agricultural Economics/ Dairy Economics/ Veterinary Economics/ Fisheries Economics with specialization in Agriculture.
48Agricultural ExtensionMaster’s degree in Agricultural Extension/ Veterinary Extension/ Dairy Extension/ Fisheries Extension/ Home Science Extension/ Agriculture Communication in Agricultural Sciences/ Rural Development/ Rural Management.
49Agricultural Statistics &
Master’s degree in Agricultural Statistics / Computer Application in Agriculture / Bioinformatics / Statistics with specialization in Agriculture.
50Home ScienceMaster’s degree in Home Science with specialization in Family Resource Management/ Textile and Clothing/Child Development/ Foods and Nutrition.
51Farm Machinery
& Power
Master’s degree in Agricultural Engineering/ Mechanical Engineering with specialization in Farm Machinery and Power.
52Computer Application
and Information Tech.
Master’s degree in Computer Application / Information Technology /Information Technology &
Communication / Computer Science.
53Land & Water
Master’s degree in Agricultural Engineering/ Civil Engineering with specialization in Soil and Water Conservation/ Irrigation and Drainage/ Water Resources/ Hydrology/ Aquatic Engineering/Water Science and Technology.
54BioinformaticsMaster’s degree in Bioinformatics or in any basic science with specialization in Bioinformatics.
55Food TechnologyMaster’s degree in Food Science/ Food Technology/ Food Science and Technology/ Post Harvest Technology.
56Agricultural Structure
Master’s degree in Agricultural Engineering with specialization in Agricultural Structures / Aquaculture Engineering.
Master’s degree in Agricultural Engineering with specialization in Agricultural Process Engineering / Food Process Engineering / Dairy Engineering.
57Veterinary Anatomy
(only for NET)
Master’s degree in Veterinary Anatomy.