Jute is a tropical plant that requires hot and humid climate. It is one of the most important natural fibres in terms of cultivation and usage. Almost 85% of the world’s jute is cultivated in the Ganges Delta.
Type of Crop: Zaid
Varieties: White Jute, Tossa Jute
Temperature: 24-35 °C.
Annual Rainfall: 125-200 cm.
Soil Type: Sandy and Clay Loam
Major Producers: West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh
Largest Producer: West Bengal
Highest per Hectare Yield: West Bengal
Research Centres: Kolkata & Nilgunj, West Bengal
Highest Producing Country: India (but highest exporter is Bangladesh)
Image source: http://www.mapsofindia.com