Description of Plant Quarantine

Plant Quarantine

Plant quarantine is defined as the legal enforcement of the measures aimed to prevent pests from spreading or to prevent them from multiplying further in case they have already gained entry and have established in new restricted areas.

The first Quarantine Act in the US came into was in 1905, while India passed an act in 1914 entitled “Destructive Insect and Pests Act of 1914” to prevent the introduction of any insect, fungus, or other pests into the country. This was later supplemented by a more comprehensive act in 1917.

Objectives:

  1. Inspection of imported agricultural commodities for preventing the introduction of exotic pests and diseases inimical to Indian fauna and flora through implementation of DIP Act, 1914 and the Plant Quarantine (Regulation of Import into India) Order, 2003 issued there under.
  2. Inspection of plants and plant material meant for export as per the requirements under International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) 1951 of FAO to facilitate pest free trade.
  3. Detection of exotic pests and diseases for their containment by adopting domestic quarantine regulations, if introduced.

Phytosanitary Agreement:

Protocol of Phytosanitary requirements for the export of Grapes from India to China between the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of India and the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the people of Republic of China signed on April 11, 2005.

Protocol of Phytosanitary requirements for the exporting Bitter Gourds from India to China between the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of India and the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the people of Republic of China signed on April 11, 2005.

Memorandum of Understanding on Plant Health Cooperation between the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, the Republic of India and the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply (MAPA), the Federative Republic of Brazil on 12th September, 2006.

To facilitate international market access for Indian export to Australia, India has signed an agreement between the Dte. of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage and Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service(AQIS) on activities under the Australian Fumigation Accreditation Scheme in India, on 16th June, 2004 and the scheme has commenced from 1st September, 2006. Fumigation certificates issued by Pest Control Operators trained & registered under AFAS are acceptable to Australia.

Import & Export Procedure:

Import Procedure:

This involves two phases:-

  1. Issue of Import Permit: An Importer intending to import agricultural commodities has to apply in advance for the issue of Import Permit in respect of the commodities listed in Schedule V and VI of PQ Order, 2003 in the prescribed form. The procedure to be followed has been shown in the flow chart at Annexure-II
  2. Inspection of imported agricultural commodities on arrival at the port of entry for preventing the introduction of exotic pests and diseases inimical to Indian Fauna and Flora through implementation of DIP Act, 1914 and Plant Quarantine (Regulation of Import into India) Order, 2003 issued thereunder.

Export Procedure:

Inspection of agricultural commodities meant for export as per the requirements of importing countries under International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) 1951 of FAO as per the model certificates prescribed under IPPC and issue Phytosanitary Certificate:

  • The flow chart for various steps involved in export certification is at Annexure-V.

    import-export

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