रबी की तेलहनी फसलें

कुसुम उन्नत प्रभेद : ए.-300, अक्षागिरी-59-2-1 जमीन की तैयारी : अगात धान काटने के तुरंत बाद दो-तीन जुताई करें एवं पाटा देना न भूलें। ऐसा करने से भूमि की नमी संरक्षित रहेगी। बुआई का समय : मध्य अक्टूबर से नवम्बर के प्रथम सप्ताह तक बुआई अवश्य कर डालें। अधिक ठंड पड़ने से अंकुरण पर बुरा असर पड़ता है। बीज दर : 15-20 किग्रा./हें. कतार की दूरी : 30-45 सें.मी. उर्वरक : 20:20:20 किग्रा. एन.पी.के. प्रति हें. (25 किलो यूरिया, 45 किलो डी.ए.पी., 34 किलो मयुरियट ऑफ़ पोटाश प्रति/हें. की दर से बुआई के ...
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सब्जियों की खेती

आलू, फूलगोभी एवं पत्तागोभी आलू फूलगोभी एवं पत्ता गोभी उन्नत प्रभेद अगात (80-90 दिन): कुफरी पुखराज, कुफरी अशोका मध्यम (100-110 दिन): कुफरी कंचन, कुफरी आनंद पिछात (120 दिन या अधिक): कुफरी पिप्सोना-1, कुफरी पिप्सोना-2 ग्रीष्मकालीन: अर्ली कुआरी, हाजीपुर एक्स्ट्रा अर्ली। अगात: पटना अर्ली, कुआरी, पूसा कतकी, हाजीपुर एक्स्ट्रा अर्ली, पूसा दीपाली, अर्ली सिंथेटिक। मध्यकालीन: पूसा कतकी,पूसा दीपाली, 285-एस., पूसा हिम ज्योति, पंत शुभ्रा। पिछात: माघी, स्नोबॉल-16, डानिय...
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Spices

India has been known for its spices since ancient times. Cardamom (Queen of Aromatic Spices) – Assam, Kerala, Tamil Nadu Pepper (King of Spices) – Kerala Chillies – Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan Turmeric – Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu Nutmeg – Kerala Arecanut – Kerala, Karnataka, Tripura, Assam Coconut – Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh Cinnamon – Kerala Clove – Kerala Ginger – Kerala, Meghalaya, Sikkim Temperature: 10-30 °C Rainfall: 200-300 cm Soil type...
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COFFEE

Coffees are grown in shade and commonly with two tiers of shade. Growing altitudes of coffee range between 1,000 to 1,500 m above sea level for Arabica (premier coffee), and 500 to 1,000 m for Robusta (lower quality). Both varieties are planted in well-drained soil conditions that favour rich organic matter. Coffee plantation is done along hilly slope. Slopes of Arabica tend to be gentle to moderate, while Robusta slopes are gentle to fairly level. Varieties: Arabica and Robusta Temperature: 16...
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TEA

Tea is an evergreen plant that mainly grows in tropical and subtropical climates. Tea is a labour intensive crop and 50% of the labourers are women. It grows faster under light shade. Commercial cultivation of tea started in India from British era. India is the 2nd largest producer and the largest consumer of tea in the world. Tea plants require high rainfall but its roots cannot tolerate water logging. Hence, it requires sloppy areas. Temperature: 20-30 °C Rainfall: 150-300 cm Soil type: Loamy...
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Sugarcane

Sugarcane is an important cash crop. India stands at 2nd position among all countries in the world in its production. Sugarcane crop requires long rainy season of at least 7-8 months. Traditional Sugarcane Production was in North India but it has also shifted to South India. North India Sugarcane are of sub-tropical variety and so have low sugar content. Also sugar factories have to remain shut in winter seasons in North India. South India- Tropical Variety and coastal areas hence have high suga...
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JUTE

Jute is a tropical plant that requires hot and humid climate. It is one of the most important natural fibres in terms of cultivation and usage. Almost 85% of the world’s jute is cultivated in the Ganges Delta. Type of Crop: Zaid Varieties: White Jute, Tossa Jute Temperature: 24-35 °C. Annual Rainfall: 125-200 cm. Soil Type: Sandy and Clay Loam Major Producers: West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh Largest Producer: West Bengal Highest per...
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Cotton

Cotton is a tropical and subtropical Kharif crop. It is a fibre crop and is known as ‘White gold’. India ranks 3rd in the production of cotton worldwide. It is a dry crop but roots need timely supply of water at maturity. Type of Crop: Kharif Varieties: Long Staple, Medium Staple, Short Staple Temperature: 21-30 °C Rainfall: 50-100 cm Soil Type: Black soil (Highly water retentive soil) Major Producers: Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Karnataka, ...
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wheat

It is the 2nd most important food crop in India. It is a Rabi crop. India stands second in production of wheat worldwide. It is more flexible in terms of climactic and other conditions of growth. Type of Crop: Rabi Varieties: Kalyan Sona, Sonalika, Heera Temperature: 17-20 °C Rainfall: 20-100 cm (ideal ~75 cm) Soil Type: Clay loam, Sandy loam Major Producers: Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Bihar, Gujarat, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Uttarakhand Highest Producing State:...
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