Agro Climatic Zones

[wp_objects_pdf] An “Agro-climatic zone” is a land unit in terms of major climates, suitable for a certain range of crops and cultivars. The planning aims at scientific management of regional resources to meet the food, fiber, fodder, and fuelwood without adversely affecting the status of natural resources and environment. Agro-climatic conditions mainly refer to soil types, rainfall, temperature and water availability which influence the type of vegetations. An agro-ecological zone is the l...
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List of Important Agricultural Revolutions In India

The following table briefly highlights the important agricultural revolutions of India and the table is followed by some very important key points that one must remeber for the competitive exam. Revolution Product related Father/Person associated with Protein Revolution Higher Production (Technology driven 2nd Green revolution). Coined by PM Narendra Modi and FM Arun Jaitely. Yellow Revolution Oil seed Production (Especially Mustard and Sunflower). Sam Pitroda Black Revolution Petrol...
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AGRONOMY OF FIELD CROPS2️⃣

Select the lecture topic... Lecture 01 : Oil seeds and their ... Lecture 02 : Groundnut Lecture 03 : Sesame Lecture 04 : Sunflower Lecture 05 : Rapeseed-Mustard Lecture 06 : Safflower Lecture 07 : Castor Lecture 08 : Linseed Lecture 09 : Niger Lecture 10 : SUGARCANE Lecture 11 : TROPICAL SUGARBEET Lecture 12 : FIBRE Lecture 13 : COTTON Lecture 14 : JUTE Lecture 15 : MESTA Lecture 16 TOBACCO Syllabus
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AGRONOMY OF FIELD CROPS

Select the lecture topic... Lecture 01 :IMPORTANCE AND AREA... Lecture 02 :RICE - ORIGIN ... Lecture 03 :MAIZE - ORIGIN, ... Lecture 04 : WHEAT AND ... Lecture 05 : OATS, RYE & TRITICALE ... Lecture 06 : SORGHUM & PEARL ... Lecture 07 : Pearlmillet Lecture 08 : Finger Millets Lecture 09 : Small Millets Lecture 10 : Redgram Lecture 11 : Blackgram Lecture 12 : Greengram Lecture 13 : Rice fallow pulse Lecture 14 : Cow...
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WATER MANAGEMENT INCLUDING MICRO IRRIGATION

Select the lecture topic... Lec 01 - DEVELOPMENT OF IRRIG... Lec 02 - ROLE OF WATER IN... Lec 03 - SOIL WATER MOVEMENT... Lec 04 - SOIL MOISTURE MEASURE... Lec 05 - MOISTURE EXTRACTION... Lec 06 - CROP WATER REQUIRE... Lec 07 - Water requirement for... Lec 08 - WATER BUDGETING AND... Lec 09 - WATER USE EFFICIENCY... Lec 10 - AGRONOMIC PRACTICES... Lec 11 - WATER MANAGEMENT ... Lec 12- Water Mgt. Tech... Lec 13 - COMMAND AREA D...
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PRINCIPLES OF AGRONOMY AND AGRICULTURAL METEOROLOGY

Select the lecture topic... Lec 01 - Agriculture – Definition... Lec 02 - Indian agriculture ... Lec 03 - History of agricultural dev... Lec 04 - Stages of agriculture ... Lec 05 - Chronology of Agricultural... Lec 06 - Kautilya’s Arthasasthra ... Lec 07 - Agronomy – definition... Lec 08 - Crops and major soils... Lec 09 - Factors affecting crop... Lec 10 - Tillage – Definition... Lec 11 - Seeds - Seed rate... Lec 12- Role of man...
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INTRODUCTORY AGRICULTURE

Select the lecture topic... Lec 01 - Agriculture Heritage Lec 02 - Development Of Human Lec 03 - Indus civilization ... Lec 04 - Status of farmers... Lec 05 - Kautilya's Artha Lec 06 - Agriculture In Lec 07 - Astronomy - Prediction ... Lec 08 - Ancient Soil Classification... Lec 09 - Water harvesting... Lec 10 - Plant Protection ... Lec 11 - Crops – Indigenous... Lec 12- Gardening In Ancient... Lec 13 - Traditional Technical.....
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रबी की तेलहनी फसलें

कुसुम उन्नत प्रभेद : ए.-300, अक्षागिरी-59-2-1 जमीन की तैयारी : अगात धान काटने के तुरंत बाद दो-तीन जुताई करें एवं पाटा देना न भूलें। ऐसा करने से भूमि की नमी संरक्षित रहेगी। बुआई का समय : मध्य अक्टूबर से नवम्बर के प्रथम सप्ताह तक बुआई अवश्य कर डालें। अधिक ठंड पड़ने से अंकुरण पर बुरा असर पड़ता है। बीज दर : 15-20 किग्रा./हें. कतार की दूरी : 30-45 सें.मी. उर्वरक : 20:20:20 किग्रा. एन.पी.के. प्रति हें. (25 किलो यूरिया, 45 किलो डी.ए.पी., 34 किलो मयुरियट ऑफ़ पोटाश प्रति/हें. की दर से बुआई के ...
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सब्जियों की खेती

आलू, फूलगोभी एवं पत्तागोभी आलू फूलगोभी एवं पत्ता गोभी उन्नत प्रभेद अगात (80-90 दिन): कुफरी पुखराज, कुफरी अशोका मध्यम (100-110 दिन): कुफरी कंचन, कुफरी आनंद पिछात (120 दिन या अधिक): कुफरी पिप्सोना-1, कुफरी पिप्सोना-2 ग्रीष्मकालीन: अर्ली कुआरी, हाजीपुर एक्स्ट्रा अर्ली। अगात: पटना अर्ली, कुआरी, पूसा कतकी, हाजीपुर एक्स्ट्रा अर्ली, पूसा दीपाली, अर्ली सिंथेटिक। मध्यकालीन: पूसा कतकी,पूसा दीपाली, 285-एस., पूसा हिम ज्योति, पंत शुभ्रा। पिछात: माघी, स्नोबॉल-16, डानिय...
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Sugarcane

Sugarcane is an important cash crop. India stands at 2nd position among all countries in the world in its production. Sugarcane crop requires long rainy season of at least 7-8 months. Traditional Sugarcane Production was in North India but it has also shifted to South India. North India Sugarcane are of sub-tropical variety and so have low sugar content. Also sugar factories have to remain shut in winter seasons in North India. South India- Tropical Variety and coastal areas hence have high suga...
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JUTE

Jute is a tropical plant that requires hot and humid climate. It is one of the most important natural fibres in terms of cultivation and usage. Almost 85% of the world’s jute is cultivated in the Ganges Delta. Type of Crop: Zaid Varieties: White Jute, Tossa Jute Temperature: 24-35 °C. Annual Rainfall: 125-200 cm. Soil Type: Sandy and Clay Loam Major Producers: West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh Largest Producer: West Bengal Highest per...
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Cotton

Cotton is a tropical and subtropical Kharif crop. It is a fibre crop and is known as ‘White gold’. India ranks 3rd in the production of cotton worldwide. It is a dry crop but roots need timely supply of water at maturity. Type of Crop: Kharif Varieties: Long Staple, Medium Staple, Short Staple Temperature: 21-30 °C Rainfall: 50-100 cm Soil Type: Black soil (Highly water retentive soil) Major Producers: Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Karnataka, ...
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wheat

It is the 2nd most important food crop in India. It is a Rabi crop. India stands second in production of wheat worldwide. It is more flexible in terms of climactic and other conditions of growth. Type of Crop: Rabi Varieties: Kalyan Sona, Sonalika, Heera Temperature: 17-20 °C Rainfall: 20-100 cm (ideal ~75 cm) Soil Type: Clay loam, Sandy loam Major Producers: Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Bihar, Gujarat, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Uttarakhand Highest Producing State:...
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RICE

Rice is a tropical crop that can be grown almost throughout the year. It depends on atmospheric moisture and rainfall for irrigation. India is the 2nd largest producer of rice in the world. India has largest area in world under rice cultivation. Productivity is low compared to wheat because Green Revolution primarily boosted wheat production in India. The traditional rice fields are known as paddy fields and require to be flooded with 10-12 cm deep water in the early stages. Type of Crop: Khari...
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Crops in India,Seasons

Agriculture plays a vital role in the Indian economy. Agriculture is the backbone of our country. It includes farming of crops, animal husbandry, pisciculture, agro-forestry etc. Over 58% of rural households primarily depend on agriculture. Agriculture along with fisheries, forestry and other allied sectors contribute around 14% to the overall GDP of our country. The particular weather and soil conditions allow for crops in India uniquely suited to it. Let us take a look at the major crops in In...
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🌽Maize – Origin, Breeding methods and Objectives

🌽🌽🌽🌽🌽🌽🌽🌽🌽🌽🌽🌽🌽🌽 Place of origin : Mexico. Origin of cultivated maize: The genus Zea was previously considered as monotypic. Later on teosinte has been included Euchlaena mexicana has been changed as Zea mexicana Another wild relative is Tripsacum (gamma grass). All the three are inter crossable. Three views about origin: 1. From Teosinte it arose. Teosinte is having cob and tassel and easily crossable. This theory was not accepted based on cytological studies. 2. Maize arose from pod corn Zea ...
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